Forest Resources
The State of Maharashtra with geographical area of 3, 07,713 sq km is having 61,939 sq km as forest area. The State's forest cover is estimated to be over 20 per cent. Maharashtra is India's third largest State with 9.36 per cent of India's total geographical area which harbor largest biodiversity.The State 5.02% of the State’s geographical area amounts for National Park and Wildlife Sanctuaries.

Maharashtra has six major Tiger Reserves:
Melghat Tiger Reserve (Amravati District); Pench Tiger Reserve (Nagpur District), Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve (Chandrapur District) and Radhanagari- Koyna Tiger Reserve (Sahyadri Tiger Reserve) , Bor Wildlife Sanctuary in Wardha district and Nagzira locate between Bhandara district and Gondia district of Maharashtra

Six forest types are mentioned in Maharashtra,
(1) Tropical Semi-Evergreen;
(2) Tropical Moist Deciduous;
(3) Tropical Dry Deciduous;
(4) Tropical Thorn;
(5) Subtropical Broadleaf Hill
(6) Littoral and Swamp Forests.

Most of the area of Maharashtra is covered with the black soils that are formed from the lava rocks and that is why known as black cotton soils. The edges near the rivers have saline soil which results from extensive evaporation.

                                                                        DISTRICTWISE FOREST COVER
 

 

S.No.

 

District

Geograp hical

Area

FOREST COVER 2013

 

 

 

Scrub

#

DENSE FOREST

Open

Forest

*

Total

 

Very  Dense***

Moderat    ely

Dense **

TOTA L

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1

Ahmednagar

17048

0

69

69

217

286

555

2

Akola

5390

11

96

107

215

322

8

3

Amravati

12210

655

1455

2110

1077

3187

116

4

Aurangabad

10107

19

101

120

437

557

193

5

Bhandara

3588

130

540

670

217

887

21

6

Beed

10693

0

13

13

162

175

357

7

Mumbai City

157

0

0

0

2

2

0

8

Mumbai Sub Urban

446

0

62

62

58

120

0

9

Buldhana

9661

23

137

160

430

590

163

10

Chandrapur

11443

1330

1582

2912

1161

4073

56

11

Dhule

7189

0

70

70

246

316

103

12

Gadchiroli

14412

4731

3384

8115

1981

10096

20

13

Gondia

5733

882

818

1700

310

2010

37

14

Hingoli

4686

0

10

10

104

114

47

15

Jalgaon

11765

51

359

410

772

1182

69

16

Jalna

7718

1

16

17

48

65

55

17

Raigarh

7152

13

1248

1261

1600

2861

0

18

Kolhapur

7685

65

1038

1103

678

1781

88

19

Latur

7157

0

0

0

5

5

25

20

Nagpur

9892

371

950

1321

700

2021

77

21

Nanded

10528

60

434

494

420

914

128

22

Nandurbar

5961

0

407

407

798

1205

30

23

Nashik

15530

0

351

351

738

1089

319

24

Osmanabad

7569

0

3

3

40

43

49

25

Parbhani

6355

0

4

4

46

50

49

26

Pune

15643

0

757

757

977

1734

493

27

Ratnagiri

8208

33

1909

1942

2255

4197

2

28

Sangli

8572

0

95

95

50

145

156

29

Satara

10480

119

569

688

588

1276

65

30

Sholapur

14895

0

8

8

38

46

50

31

Sindhudurg

5207

88

1362

1450

1130

2580

47

32

Thane

9558

0

1281

1281

1627

2908

222

33

Wardha

6309

10

419

429

430

859

62

34

Washim

5184

5

113

118

214

332

28

35

Yavatmal

13582

123

1110

1233

1371

2604

97

 

Total

307713

8720

20770

29490

21142

50632

   4157


       




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