Trupti Bhamre (2/1/2015)
Our food system, our economies, our cities and our communities — they’re all
adapted to the climate we currently live in.
But what if the climate changes too fast for us to keep up? The fate of the one
and only planet, earth, we’ve ever called home is uncertain. It is in everyone's
interest to come together to address the challenges we face. We all are
experiencing impacts of climate change during our day today life eg.- increased
temperature in summer known as Heat Wave, Late Arrivals of Monsoon, Heavy
Rainfall, Premature Rains, decreased temperature in winter, Storms, change in
wind patterns, ocean currents etc.
Definition: It is a change in global / regional climate patterns in particular,
changes from the mid to late 20th Century onwards and attributed largely to the
increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced.
Causes of Climate Change: Climate changes are caused by natural factors
(Biotic processes, variations in solar radiations, volcanic eruptions etc.) as
well as anthropogenic activities (Green Houses gases, deforestation,
Impacts of Climate Change:
Scientists have estimated that by 2050, we need to reduce worldwide emissions to at least half of their 1990 levels in order to avoid further harmful impacts from climate change. Following are the impacts of climate change:
Rising sea levels, severe storms, frequent flooding, Acid Rains, Changes in the timing of stream flows, Declined water supplies for competing demands, erosion, risks to infrastructure, increased ocean acidity, Increased wildfire, insect outbreaks, and tree diseases, Extreme heat waves, droughts, extreme weather events & rainfall, reduced agricultural yields, health impacts in cities due to heat, and flooding and erosion in coastal areas, Loss of biodiversity etc.
Around the world, many of the most vulnerable communities are already struggling to cope with the impacts of climate change. On individual level, one should understand several facts such as Trees forests are more valuable when they are standing than they are cut, Use of solar energy, Use of fuel efficient technologies involving 3R system (Reduce, Reuse & Recycle).
1. Reduce greenhouse gases emissions
2. More use on non conventional energy resources such solar energy, wind energy,
tidal energy etc.
3. Implement immediate emission reduction targets.
4. Start the transition to a zero waste economy.
5. Increase in use of all
energy efficiency measures.
6. Reduce, reuse, recycle.
7. Use public
8. Plantation of native, drought resistant trees, shrubs etc.
Developing countries are most affected by climate change and need to adapt to the unavoidable
risks. Following measures should be undertaken by the developing countries to
cope up the impacts of the climate changes:
1. Formulate, implement,
publish and regularly update national and, where appropriate, regional programs
containing measures to mitigate climate change by addressing anthropogenic
emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not
controlled by the Montreal Protocol, and measures to facilitate adequate
adaptation to climate change.
2. Promote and cooperate in the development,
application and diffusion, including transfer, of technologies, practices and
processes that control, reduce or prevent anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse
gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol in all relevant sectors, including
the energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry and waste management
3. Promote sustainable management, and promote and cooperate in
the conservation and enhancement.
4. Cooperate in preparing for adaptation
to the impacts of climate change; develop and elaborate appropriate and
integrated plans for coastal zone management, water resources and agriculture,
and for the protection and rehabilitation of areas.
5. Promote and
cooperate in scientific, technological, technical, socio-economic and other
research, systematic observation and development of data archives related to the
6. Promote and cooperate in education, training and public
awareness related to climate change and encourage the widest participation in
this process, including that of non- governmental organizations;
Governments need to develop the local, national and international policies and
other frameworks necessary for confronting climate change.
Thus by protecting nature, we can improve lives of people and provide solutions for a changing planet. Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time. We have to act quickly to help people adapt now.
Pranali Chavan (5/1/2015)
Moving towards Development, India has established Rapid industrization. India Today ranks eight among the foremost countries in industries. However moving towards development, it invites many environmental issues. One such major and concern issue is “CLIMATE CHANGE”.As per IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) defines - Climate change refers to a statistically significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for an extended period (typically decades or longer). Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forcings, or to persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use.
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in its Article 1, defines climate change as: a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.
The world’s climate is changing, and the changes will have an enormous impact on our planet’s people, ecosystems, cities, and energy use. Average global air temperatures are already 1.5 degrees higher than they were at the start of the 20th century, and have risen about 1 degree over just the last 30 years. According to the latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), average global temperatures are likely to rise by another 2 to 8.6 degrees F by 2100. If we take aggressive action to reduce emissions, the temperature change could be modest. If we continue on our present course, however, the amount of change will be substantial. Most experts agree that the changes are anthropogenic — caused by humans — largely from emissions of heat-trapping gases released to the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned. Carbon dioxide is the most significant of these gases; CO2 levels are at their highest in 650,000 years.
Conferences held at Copenhagen (2009) and Cancun (2010) focuses on the cut down
of carbon emissions by developed and developing countries both. In 2013 the
Mauna Lao Observatory in Hawaii concluded that the CO2 Emissions has reached up
to 400 ppm.
On June 30, 2008, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh released India’s first National
Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) outlining existing and future policies and
programs addressing climate mitigation and adaptation. The plan identifies eight
core “national missions”
WHAT CAN WE DO?
Conserve energy at home and at work: Switch off the lights when not in use. Once this is done , change light bulbs to compact fluorescents or LEDs. Unplug computers, TVs and other electronics when not in use.
Green your commute:
• Make wise transportation choices Like riding a bicycle instead of driving in a
• Transportation causes greenhouse gas emissions, so walk, cycle or take transit
whenever you can. If you can't go car-free, try carpooling or car sharing, and
use the smallest, most fuel-efficient vehicle possible
Choose renewable power
Switch your account to clean, renewable power, such as from wind farms, Solar cars etc.
Trim your waste
• Garbage buried in landfills produces
methane, a potent greenhouse gas. Keep stuff out of landfills by composting
kitchen scraps and garden trimmings.
• Follow R-R-R: Reuse-Reduce-Recycle:
Many waste like papers, plastic, glass, aluminum, ink cartridges and cardboard .
Develop open spaces like playgrounds, plant trees etc.
Awareness at grass level, conducting seminar, workshop, Awareness through newspaper, media etc.
It is urgent need to take steps towards the climate change. Small steps can lead to bigger and safer environment for the present and to future generations. After all it is said “All it takes to change is to change”.
“Save Earth before it’s too late”